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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  April 16, 2019 12:30am-1:01am CEST

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move south so they can plant crops and find food was just tap. floods and droughts will climate change become the main driver of mass migration you can write any apocalyptic scenarios you want and probably more think. the climate exodus starts if thirty years on t w. you know. steve barrett is a british fish and his boat is small by industry standards under ten meters long barrett knows what he does not want in his life the european union. if we walk away we can take back control of our territorial waters if we don't walk away because we do a deal the e.u. won't let us take back control. from our industry which they have to live by.
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the brits flint is one of germany's last deep sea fisherman. and his ship is fairly large forty metres long. flynn says that he no longer understands the british. he could have become not only god is that they can't take away our fish the best thing for if we don't get a sensible an organized flick they won't be good for us fisherman frauds the thoughts of. your cat that are where you where your. majesty desiccate sent grew up on the north sea coast his grandfather was a fisherman and always had this talismanic on his boat. effective at the top of a. i like to be out on the water i just can't resist
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a thought that when i was younger i had another career in mind but that didn't work out for the sea kept calling me back out here you're your own boss and it's up to you to find the fish i think it has something to do with the thrill of the tricks with young people was the song. flint knows this business inside out. this monitor shows him where the fish are clinton his crew sail the north sea between norway and scotland the fish move around the region depending on the season they don't pay any attention to international borders. but the question is will the north sea remain open to fishing that's by no means certain. flinty sides when and where the crew will put out the nets if he finds a good spot they can take in as many as two tonnes of fish in just twenty minutes.
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but even while flint is on the job he often worries about the consequences that bracks it could have not only for him but also for british fisherman. if i speak to the net a bit after the billy fish go i don't know how they're going to manage their economy so that they can sell fish but of course they can keep it for themselves. i have no idea what's going to happen if they leave the e.u. in the. us if they make a mess of the bricks that processed it's going to cause a lot of problems with regard to your market i think. this is the town of ramsgate on britain's south east coast. many of the local residents support breck's that. steve barrett is headed for his small fishing boat the razor bill. he shares for. flints passion for the sea and fishing but
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that's about all they have in common. beret works by himself he has no crew some days he has a good catch and others he doesn't barack blames the e.u. for this situation. nearly three years ago he and some other fishermen sailed up the thames river to show their support for bracks it. went ashore if if you. were to have it. we went fishing we call faith we landed it. it's gradually got worse and worse as the years have gone on in the here is the culture fish as if that's more more restriction. surely. of what we think. the paperwork and the legislation. i want to say to be a fisherman. all got paperwork will go fairly well there are going i'm going to fish
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. a struggle of food with a co-writer of in. the water. barrett doesn't come from a fishing family when he was younger he worked as a bank clerk but once when he was on a sailing trip the sea captured his imagination and he's been out here ever since. it's been his life for the last forty years and he makes a living by fishing barely. today there aren't many fish in his nets. that's also bad news for the seagulls who are following him most british fisherman are like barratt they have small boats and stay close to the coast. and like his colleagues barrett believes that the e.u.'s fishing policies are ridiculous i forgot to say let's try your quota for cause. i got to say
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look at forged on the soles. of us some tecate on some b.i.g. feet i was so. and a hundred fifty kids i would call it or i have to put the clock back to have my closet. door so i started say because i take a lot of help and it's not enough. so i catch another i kick a guy was a soldier in the one hundred fifty trail out called up and called the good looking men company because i hope coal one hundred fifty level felt just enough to fight the wind. as steve barrett returns to ramsgate with empty nets fritz flint is sailing along the coast of norway. his trawler belongs to the german company put a fish it's the last german owns deep sea fishing fleet.
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today the crew had been pulling their nets through the north sea for about three hours at a depth of one hundred and twenty metres and now it's time to find out the size of his haul. with. today's catch is made up mostly of cod and monkfish. actually flint was hoping to find some pollock but they're obviously somewhere else today. because it's got a solution as you know this is all crap. i found a site on the screen and it looked promising as it has the fish like to gather an old drilling boreholes but there's absolutely nothing there right now just a few miles away we thought we might have a good day. as this is just bad luck. just took up for lessons. in. today's catch wasn't. disappointment.
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the crew doesn't seem to mind though. they'll try again tomorrow. night at the somewhat of a fun we'll just have to go farther out into you waters maybe toward scotland will try to find a good spot. to. britain's territorial waters are just one hundred sixty nautical miles away and flint knows that once they arrive there they'll have a good catch. but steve barrett can't cover that kind of distance and his small boat he stays within the twelve mile zone around ramsgate. bird says that he's getting a lot of tough competition from foreign fishing trawlers and he doesn't think that's fair at all. they seem to have a very very unfair advantage where they come from quote from an area like
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a fish off into a bigger part of. the argument you can fish out war for the out of the way for sure doesn't apply to me because it's too far but in short the whole right i mean sure flaked. when it comes to brecht's it barrett says the harder the better fishermen in denmark spain france and germany have been worried about how hard bracks it would affect them particularly if britain closed its territorial waters to them. if splint can't fish off scotland anymore he'll be in trouble. just kind of got you by next year we could be spending eighty percent of our time over there with us and who is with us but if they shut it down it will be a raw deal for us. this is the german north sea port of play mahasen a city that has experienced. firsthand the decline of the country's fishing industry
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since the one nine hundred seventy s. . here at the institute a government research facility economist duelling has spent the past two years studying how breck's it might affect germany's fishing fleet. is coming from extreme fire. in the worst case scenario britain would shut us out and we'd have to find our quotas of fish elsewhere. or don't use in their stockroom but british waters are where the fish are. there for her other locations just don't have the quantity and even if they did it would be a lot more expensive to fish there that could lead to a situation where german ships could lose one hundred percent of the catch for a particular species. and i wish them a pretty you know with. so bracks it could have devastating consequences for
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european fleets that fish off the british coast. dealing explains why the north sea fishing grounds are so important. with this. it's one of our most productive maritime areas of. the north sea it's rich in fish resources or because the rivers that feed into it provide a lot of nutrients and interest almost one hundred percent of some commercial species are caught here. like herring for example a popular food in germany herring prefer to stay in british waters in late summer and autumn they tend to gather around northern scotland and the shetland islands but this area is inside the two hundred miles oh now the u.k. wants to keep for itself after brags that. this is the town of sasson it's on the german baltic island of google. factories
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here process fifty thousand tonnes of herring every year and eighty percent of the catch comes from the north sea. people who work at those factories are keeping a close eye on fishing industry negotiations between britain and the e.u. . for those who say. the real problem now is that we might not have a decision on fishing access for twenty nineteen so we won't be able to catch herring in the british zone. it's herring fishing season right now in the baltic the ships deliver their catch for processing but it's not enough to meet consumer demand if the british zone in the north sea is closed to foreign ships the processing plants in just minutes and the crews that supply them will be hard hit. they're trying to figure out what they'll do if that happens. the herring however
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will stay in british waters. or you will just have to fish in the e.u. zone in the north sea along with our partners who supply us with herring would be from. dozens probably most are but the fact of the matter is that you can find dense concentrations of herring only near the british coast what about the. supplies of fresh fish from the north sea arrive at the processing plants every day usually by truck via denmark. two hundred fifty jobs at this facility depend on a regular supply of herring. the fish are gutted phil laid and pickled and then shipped to supermarkets. at this point everything here is going smoothly but the threat of a breck's of boycott has made the one. workers here nervous. so efficient if i need
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to visit course things are sort of uncertain right now. and some people are really worried. so much the money i've lived and worked on and we're going for fourteen years. i've got a house here. but i don't know what's going to happen within the next few months. inspire more nikita's also inverted. and it's not just the workers at the processing plants who are worried people throughout the town of sas nets are concerned as well. the fish factories are a key element of the local economy and if the supply of herring runs low because of breck's it the downturn could affect the entire community. european fishing policies are hammered out here in brussels. we asked to talk to someone at the european commission about the bracks it situation but they declined
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our request for an interview. they said it's a touchy subject right now. experts are working on a wide variety of options and. the staff have been compiling reports and passing them around to members and. since the commission wouldn't talk to us we decided to interview some european members of parliament and . then our cool one is the deputy chairman of parliament's committee on fisheries policy and. some british any peas are here today and they include some bracks its supporters. on the labor party there are colleagues from the british labor party are you the conservatives and you can't. sometimes one group blames the others for the braggs at mass. the fisheries
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committee and the e.u. commission have been debating emergency response measures to bracks that. the discussions show clearly that the situation in the north sea fishery is enormously complex. for example the european fisheries and marine fund would have to be restructured and we consider financial support for the possible decommissioning of fishing vessels one for survive. but of course we want to negotiate a new trade deal with britain as quickly as possible. there are spanish and dutch crewmembers on board british fishing vessels highly skilled crew. and they're an important part of the team. some people get really emotional about that situation. and it's getting a lot of attention. but the whole. we're now
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in the scottish town of peterhead a thriving port on the north sea coast one third of all the fish imported by the u.k. moves through peterhead. if the fishing industry is booming anywhere in britain it's here. we met several foreign workers here and even came across a german citizen and they all earn their living by catching processing or transporting fish. close tesh deliver supplies the fish every day from the port of peterhead to aberdeen about forty kilometers south he says that just the threat of bracks it has disrupted the local economy. and other prices in the shops keep going up and if britain lead to the e.u. will be ruined that for your own if you earn just enough to pay my bills you know i can't put any money aside but i still earn the same. but things keep getting more
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expensive but it's getting an awful awful awful. seventy six idealogues. the local fish industry may be booming but the workers are definitely not any better off one reason for that is the weak british pound which makes imports more expensive at the same time a weak pound makes u.k. fish exports less expensive so demand from e.u. countries is up. seventy five percent of those exports go to the european union. peterhead fish depot is one of the largest in europe the entire facility was recently expanded with some financial support from the e.u. more than eight thousand crates of locally caught fish arrive here every day. the fishermen and the processors want to keep this valuable resource for themselves. we continually have said that is a huge drop of to an opportunity for for the u.k.
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to be called. a sovereign state again and be in control of it's what else the us is not about. european counterparts to fish this is about rebuilding control who and when they fish and. we have an island nation with a very fish which fishing grounds and therefore is a no or best interests as a united kingdom that we monitor and control that store. so if britain leaves the e.u. it will be able to keep more of its fish because the europeans will be locked out of its waters a lot of people in peterhead say that's a good idea we don't have enough. in the course because out. in the decors it's exhausted over a few months and you have to go and buy your fish rent fish. boyfriends from other
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e.u. countries deficient i don't want us i think if you like that we should get on board to get another we should be and not think we should be in a different way with it. but that's very very a force for people to be ahead because he was doing believe john forty eight all of us to or want was dumping on the site for sure going to see why they should be. these figures show how the total catch is divided one third is caught by british fisherman. vessels take about half of it these quotas are outlined in the european union's common fisheries policy. but if you look at the economic value of the fish that are caught britain takes in almost half of the proceeds european fishermen get only about forty percent want to come over here on the border kerger if they think they are serious
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fish fish. fish are profitable for the u.k. and especially for scotland still the fishing industry accounts for less than one percent of britain's gross domestic product. but they also know how to make their voice heard in government that's why london has sent a top rex official to peterhead for talks of seafood consumption is your start ripping ok so we need it again when it becomes clear to me button is the founder and owner of the amity fish company. and before he moved into management but and spent decades at sea as a fisherman he says the industry wants more investment security and jobs. he also wants the government to encourage people to eat more british fish and to promote fish exports to asia. right
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now. the port of peterhead and the fish factories provide around ten thousand jobs . it takes a lot of people to process all that fish. competing companies in iceland or norway now use machines to do much of this work. in any case but in hopes that the industry will be able to grow even further after breakfast. i suggested not a huge opportunity for us to grow in this type of business because of the stuff was more raw material available then there was more opportunity for a business like press to be spotted and therefore the smaller ones to come up to this level so there was a huge opportunity both for people on for business on the box but exit. jimmy behind has been speaking out in favor of rex and for the past two years he
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believes that if britain leaves the e.u. the u.k. fishing industry will still be able to export a lot of its catch to europe. as we've said seventy percent goes to e.u. countries right now and but one hopes that will continue. the market is the people the market is we've got a product we've got a buyer and if if if the product is at the right price and the right quality that is the market no politics somehow in and of planes in between and votes with coles the flexion but can we get the product we've got people who want to eat quality seafood so we should stop the politics out of it and we will get on absolutely fantastic i think. that sounds good but the e.u. says common fisheries policy is not based on track matic capitalism and that was a deliberate decision. if britain were to ban european fishing boats from its
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territorial waters the e.u. would likely find a way to retaliate c p seventy five seventy five eighty eighty five on the part of. certain fishing areas are closed to the european fleet but on the e.u. could impose an embargo on fish and fish products from britain. in the all powerful new on franklin doesn't come from a poll that sounds like something that president trump would do. you know fellow but we're talking here about exports that are worth a total of one point three billion euros to get food for. that's pretty tough talk but international trade is a tough business it's all about supply and demand but britain's fishing industry does not supply the kind of fish that british consumers demand. eighty percent of the fish that britons prefer to eat is concentrated in just five species
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. those fish are not found inside the british zone so they have to be imported. there are more than ten thousand fish and chip shops in the u.k. . cod used to be the fish of choice at these shops but now stocks of cod in british waters have fallen off sharply so they use substitutes. for paper now like the ground or fish and chips i don't know what they're in or if they're old accordion fire water white way of fish and chips i don't know caught harmonically it's not local we're not lending it luckily. steve barrett makes a point of eating his fish and chips at a restaurant that makes them with cod. chef mark way is frying some fish right now but it probably came from norway not britain. so u.k.
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fishermen catch a lot of species that people in their own country don't eat and that won't change after breakfast at. breakfast supporters in the fishing industry have suffered some setbacks in recent months. and it won't be easy to close british waters to european ships. but jimmy buchan is standing his ground. we do not share the oil and guts with. bots so why should we share the first two and photos these are young it's not that simple or even if britain is no longer governed by e.u. fisheries policy for international treaties will still apply across like the un convention on the law of the sea that law bludgers coastal states to regulate fish stocks that are managed jointly or that are found in more than one zone so britain
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and the e.u. would have to hammer out a new agreement on how to share the catch to funk because. the more you talk to steve barrett the more you realize that his hopes for a better future are fading and his doubts about the british government's ability to protect his interests are growing. which is whole feel that we've been let down and. the only real thing that's come out of it is. or don't think if i live to be honored for free i would never ever trust a politician again. barack is disappointed even angry. but his german colleague fritz flint hopes that things will turn out all right. he wants to be able to fish anywhere in the north sea subject to international quota agreements of course since he loves his job and he'd like to keep his crew employed
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. but deep down he wishes that things could just go back to the way they were. not just with the picks i think the best thing would be for britain to just forget about leaving the e.u. for the believer my crew and i are happy with the way things are now to fight for us there are no negatives. i think they should just work out in a. remember this is not the ivy was not called bless us. at this point it's still not clear how the breaks a drama will play out but one thing is certain rex it will not solve the problems of the north sea fishing industry. after. kicked off. can
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shackle still avoid relegation to draw in north america has fans fearing the worst . can't last still qualify for the champions league at the end how no will to keep on dreaming. up the fight for the title continuous chandhok actually. take off ninety minutes on d. w. . with him how to be done because oddly as well i aspire you know if i had known that the boat would be about small i never would have gone on a trip to you i would not have put myself and my parents in that dangerous part of the game with a beautifully able with. that one little bit of you to give them i had serious
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problems on a personal level and i was unable to live there wasn't going to. want to know their story so why great stir fighting and reliable information for more grants. more. in paris firefighters battling a massive blaze at the city's not true cathedral say they have managed to save the building's two main towers one firefighter has been seriously hurt. french president emmanuel mccall has been at the scene and vowed to rebuild not try to call in the fire and national emergency. the paris prosecutor's office said it was treating the fires an accident.

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